Excerpt from Biweekly Report:
Brazil’s first novel coronavirus case was confirmed on February 25, 2020, but the country had already declared a public health emergency (Portaria nº 188/2020) on February 3, 2020, and passed Law No. 13,979/2020 on February 6, 2020, providing measures to deal with the novel coronavirus public health emergency. These early responses were part of an effort to repatriate Brazilian citizens from Wuhan, China. In late March, Brazil closed its land borders, and by April, Brazil’s House and Senate started working on a “War Budget” to authorize emergency spending (“Orçamento de Guerra” – PEC 10/2020; PEC 10/2020 fase 2 (106/2020); PEC 106/2020 fase 3). The budget recently passed but is still awaiting presidential signature.
Unfortunately, Brazil’s health crisis has morphed into a political crisis. In late March, a federal court in Rio de Janeiro banned President Jair Bolsonaro from spreading anti-quarantine propaganda that went against Ministry of Health recommendations. The Minister of Health Luiz Henrique Mandetta was later fired in mid-April by Bolsonaro after continued disagreement about mitigation efforts. Then the Minister of Justice Sérgio Moro quit in late April after accusing Bolsonaro of improper conduct surrounding the firing of his federal police chief Maurício Valeixo, which started discussions about possible impeachment on top of growing criticism of Bolsonaro’s handling of the health crisis. Brazil’s Federal Supreme Court has also weighed in on a dispute between the São Paulo newspaper O Estado de S.Paulo and Bolsonaro about his COVID-19 tests, ordering the disclosure of Bolsonaro’s COVID-19 exams (Rcl 40,574). And just last week, the second Minister of Health Nelson Teich quit, and there is currently no Minister of Health appointed yet. … Read More.
- Planalto: President of Brazil’s Legislation Portal
- LeisMunicipais: State Legislation
- Legislation of States, Federal District, and Capital Cities (government website)
Centro de Documentação e Informação da Câmara dos Deputados:
- Informações oficiais sobre o coronavírus (Covid-19) no Brasil e no mundo (Official Information about Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Brazil and the World)
COVID-19 Legal Updates:
- Law Library Of Congress – Global Legal Monitor on Brazil
- Latin Lawyer: Brazil COVID-19 Information Hub
- Consultor Juridico (in Portuguese)
Abby is the Reference Librarian at Caplin & Drysdale, in Washington, D.C. Previously, Abby worked at Georgetown University Law Library as the International & Foreign Law Collection & Services Coordinator. She earned her B.A. in International Studies, Spanish Literature, and a minor in Philosophy at Macalester College, in St. Paul, Minnesota. After college, she worked in international development at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and at the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Commercial Law Development Program (CLDP). She received her J.D. at the University of St. Thomas (UST), in Minneapolis, after her work at CLDP inspired an interest in the law and her MLIS degree from Catholic University of America. She was born and raised in Washington, D.C., and grew up speaking Portuguese, Spanish, and English.
Marilia Mello is a Brazilian law librarian with 20 years of professional experience. Currently, she is the library director of the Federal Court 1st Region since 2018. Actively promote the library and its leading-edge resources, services, and innovations. She as a Bitner Research Fellow at Cornell University and previously worked at Brazil’s Supreme Court of Justice as well the U.S. Library of Congress.